Hanoi Old Quarter, commonly known as Hanoi with 36 Streets, was established at the beginning of the 15th century, limited by the North of Hang Dau Street, the South are Hang Bong, Hang Gai, Cau Go Street and Hang Thung, the East is Tran Nhat Duat Street, Tran Quang Khai street, and the West is Phung Hung street.
Hanoi Old Quater
This is a unique architectural complex with ancient moss-covered roofs, intermittent tubular houses intermingled with each other, creating an ancient and diverse architectural space. General characteristics of the ancient Hanoi are many names starting with the word “Hang”, followed by a professional vocabulary such as Hang Dao, Hang Ma, Hang Thiec. Different from the other old town in the world, the old town of Hanoi is the place of many social activities.
Cultural values of the 36 old streets are famous for their thousand years of culture and many exciting activities which are both in day and nighttime. It is a center of economic and cultural diversity. Culinary culture is rich with many Cao Lau famous restaurants of the Chinese, Vietnamese. Therefore, the view of the 36 streets should not be merely the aspect of cultural objects (pure evaluation of architectural works), but also of the intangible culture, which is the soul of the old town. Hanoi is the capital with thousand years of civilization, where convergence crystallized the essence of every country. Intangible cultural heritage, Hanoi reflects the diversity and true traditional cultural activities of Hanoi.
Some types of intangible cultural heritage parts such as handicraft villages, street markets, festivals, lifestyle, over the past years, have been collected, research confirmed. A combination of elements of exchanges, integration, harmony, continuity, openness, flexibility, Hanoi creates the identity Thang Long-Hanoi, with cultural diversity.
Cau Go Street in 1990
Hanoi Old Quarter is the area where most handicrafts are concentrated. The people can be craftsmen and traders, both produced by the order processing for customers and sold some ready-made goods at the store. The artists everywhere bring their unique craft to Hanoi, they set up the street selling their own products. They formed and linked together in the wards and societies to help each other in life as well as in keeping the profession.
Traditional Hanoi folk festival has a long history and plays the role of an important cultural community in Kinh Do. The rituals of the Hanoi festival agricultural ceremonies, water churches, rice worship and rice products. This happens in the inner city, especially in the old quarter today, in the middle of a crowded residential area with typical agricultural ceremonies such as spring ritual.
Joining old quarter tours you will know that the old folk festival of Hanoi occupies an important position and has a positive and profound effect on the spiritual life and cultural life of Hanoi people. Throughout the festival, every action has special spiritual meanings. It is a time to stick together community members. A cultural aspect in the Hanoi Old Quarter is the spiritual direction which is to admire the ancestors.
One of the prominent features of the 36 Streets is the harmonious combination of houses, shops, and religious buildings, religious beliefs, temples, and pagodas. The house was built around the 15th century, which is one of the characteristics of each village in Vietnam. Dinh is a sanctuary worshiping the founder of the village or other heroes. The communal house is also a gathering place for the villagers when they hold activities of the village.
The cultural values of Hanoi Old Quarter are recognized simultaneously by the architectural features, urban landscapes, the organizational style, the particularity of the socio-economic and cultural performance of the residential community. Hanoi’s urban culture is easily perceived in the functional and spatial structure of 36 streets through historic buildings. Folk characteristics are very clear in the way of organizing streets with the mode production, social organization and institutions of culture, beliefs and of course the way construction is originated from the countryside, which makes Hanoi Old Quater tours more interesting to tourists.
Tourists visiting Hanoi Old Quater
With the traditional architecture of wood, brick with wooden structures of various periods, the space of communal houses, temples, pagodas, community spiritual space has a close invisible relationship to the individual spiritual space of each house in the 36 streets. These ancient cultural spaces have been in operation since the beginning. With a tendency to turn to Oriental philosophy, spiritual importance and ancient cultural spaces have contributed to the characterization of 36 streets.
Let take Hanoi culture tour make a real experience of the Old Quarter.